Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L) is one of the common fruit trees found grown all over India mostly under rainfed conditions, particularly in Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. It is also one of the most popular avenue trees which yield useful fruits and timber besides providing shade. Tamarind is believed to be native of Tropical Africa but now cultivated throughout South East Asia, Australia, America.
Tamarind pulp is used in numerous culinary preparations. It is also a raw material for the preparation of wine like beverages. The tamarind kernel powder is found to be extensively used for its sizing properties, in textile, confectionary, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries. The testa is used in dyeing and tanning industry. The tender leaves and flowers are used as vegetables. In medicine, it is used as appetizing, laxative, healing and anti-helmintic. It is also used against fluorosis.
Tamarind is suited to semi-arid tropical regions with an average annual rainfall of 5 cm to 15 cm. This can survive in any kind of climatic conditions from 0 C to 46 C. Trees can be grown in poor soils but thrive best in deep loamy and alluvial soils.
India produces about 2.5 lakh tonnes of Tamarind pulp annually. Pulp powder and juice concentrates have a export potential in European countries.
* Note - Due to the variety of regional climates and other natural resources, the effectiveness of these recommendations may vary.