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Sweet Tamarind

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L) is one of the common fruit trees found grown all over India mostly under rainfed conditions, particularly in Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. It is also one of the most popular avenue trees which yield useful fruits and timber besides providing shade. Tamarind is believed to be native of Tropical Africa but now cultivated throughout South East Asia, Australia, America.

Tamarind pulp is used in numerous culinary preparations. It is also a raw material for the preparation of wine like beverages. The tamarind kernel powder is found to be extensively used for its sizing properties, in textile, confectionary, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries. The testa is used in dyeing and tanning industry. The tender leaves and flowers are used as vegetables. In medicine, it is used as appetizing, laxative, healing and anti-helmintic. It is also used against fluorosis.

Tamarind is suited to semi-arid tropical regions with an average annual rainfall of 5 cm to 15 cm. This can survive in any kind of climatic conditions from 0 C to 46 C. Trees can be grown in poor soils but thrive best in deep loamy and alluvial soils.

India produces about 2.5 lakh tonnes of Tamarind pulp annually. Pulp powder and juice concentrates have a export potential in European countries.

Characteristics of Ishved Tamarind Plants :

  • Tamarind fruit is an important condiment/ adjunct used as an acidic/ flavoring agent in the Indian cookery.
  • Tamarind is used for medicinal and industrial production. Beverages, syrups, sauces and powders can be made from tamarind fruit, Tamarind juices are in high demand in foreign markets.
  • Its demand and price are high in the market.
  • As the immune power is high, the incidence of pest is reduced.
  • This variety can withstand water stress.
  • Each tree has flowering and fruit bearing.
  • Most preferred in the international market.
  • Has the ability to store longer days.
  • Pods are 7.5-20 cm long, 2.5 cm broad, 1 cm thick, more or less constricted between seeds, slightly curved, brownish colored.
  • Seeds are 3-12 oblong compressed, 1.5 cm, dark brown shining.
  • Endocarp is light brownish, sweetish or acidic, edible pulp, traversed by branched ligneous strands.
  • The outer cover of the pod is fragile and easily separable.
  • Yield start from 4th year onwards an annual Average 50 to 150 kg /tree/year.
  • A 10 years aged tree produces 100 to 150 kg of tamarind pulp separated from seed and Pods cover.
  • 20th years of age of full-grown tamarind tree yield up to 500 kg per year.


Sweet Tamrind

  • Fruit Size…………... 15 Gms To 20 Gms*
  • Spacing……………16.4 ft x 16.4 ft (5m x 5m)
  • Planting Time…… June to November
  • Plants Per Acre….160 Plants
  • Yield Start………….From 4th Year
  • Yield per Plant….. 50 to 150 Kg per tree

* Note - Due to the variety of regional climates and other natural resources, the effectiveness of these recommendations may vary.