Mosambi (sweet orange) is an important fruit crop . Mosambi Cultivation is most common among citrus fruits grown in India. It occupies nearly 40% of the total area under fruits grown in India. Mosambi is consuming fresh or in the form of juice, jam, squash and syrup. It is main source of citric acid and cosmetics which have international market value.
In India it is generally cultivate in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Assam, Orissa, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh.
This crop requires a dry and hot climate, loose and loamy soil well-drained, neither limy nor sticky. The time of planting of Mosambi depends on region and climate. Usually, in south India, Mosambi is planted from October end to January. The yield of Mosambi crop depends on soil type, variety, irrigation, Plant age, season and other crop management practices.
Traditionally grown seedlings are considered to be more susceptible for diseases and pests also have a less resistant capacity. Therefore It is best to plant the high quality, disease- free, same age group and genetically similar Mosambi plants from certified nurseries.
Characteristics of Ishved Katol Gold:
- This fruit is good for fruit processing as the fruit pulp juice is high .
- Its demand and price are high in the market.
- These fruits are generally larger and more attractive than other varieties.
- As the immune power is high, the incidence of pest is reduced.
- This variety can withstand water stress.
- Each tree has flowering and fruit bearing.
- The shape of the fruit and the color of the pulp are very attractive.
- Most preferred in the international market.
- Has the ability to store longer days.
- The seedlings are the same age, so the fruiting occurs at the same time.
- Harvesting begins from the fourth year after planting.
- Trees start bearing on 4th years after planting. You can get two harvests in a year one in April to May and other is in August to September.
- On 4th(initial) year of plantation, it can get yield 60 kg/plant/year, After the 5th year, yield increases to 100 kg/plant. The crop yield doubles as plant grows further.
- The plantation yields the maximum when the trees are about 10-20 years old. On an average, each tree yields about 300-1,000 fruits per year.
- Fruit Size …………..200 Gms To 300 Gms*
- Spacing……………..20 ft x 10 ft (6m x 3 m)
- Planting Time……July to February
- Plants Per Acre….225 Plants
- Yield Start………….From 4th Year
- Yield per Plant…45 to 60 Kg per tree(on 4th Year)
* Note - Due to the variety of regional climates and other natural resources, the effectiveness of these recommendations may vary.