Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is an important arid zone fruit crop. It is being grown since ancient times for its fruit, ornamental and medicinal purpose and in recent times, it has emerged as a commercially important fruit crop. The hardy nature, low maintenance cost, steady and high yields, fine table and therapeutic values, better keeping quality and the possibility to put the crop into rest period whenever the water potential is low are some of the qualities which make the plant ideally suitable for semi-arid and arid regions. However, the performance of the plant will be excellent if maintenance is with protective irrigation. In the recent past, pomegranate has attained export potential and foreign exchange. Fruits are exported to Europe, Middle East, Africa, America and Asian countries. It is commercially cultivated in Maharastra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Andra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.
Pomegranate is one of the important fruit crops commercially grown in Maharashtra. The area under this crop is 77,716 hectares with the production of 4.76 lakh tonnes.
Salient features Ishved tissue culture pomegranate;
- Maharashtra ranks first in Pomegranate cultivation area and production ratio in India.
- This variety is good for domestic as well as export.
- This variety is more productive and fruits mature in 180 to 190 days from flowering.
- Bigger fruit size, sweet, bold and attractive arils, smooth and glossy peel, very attractive saffron colored thick skin which is increasing its cosmetic value and market appearance of the fruits also makes it suitable for distant markets.
- This variety was found less susceptible to fruit spots/ black spots and thrips as compared to other varieties of pomegranate.
- It fetches better market price which is 2-3 times higher than that of other varieties of pomegranate.
- Increasing demand for export markets particularly in United Kingdom, Holland, other European and gulf countries etc.
- Fruits are with attractive seeds having cherry red colored and bold arils, which are suitable for both table and processing purposes.
- Fruits are suitable for long distant transport due to thick peel (Less weight loss, less possibility of damage due to bruises.)
- Fruits have better keeping quality than other varieties (15 - 12 days at room temperatures).
- Fruits are tolerant to thrips and mites which reduces the number of pesticide sprays, which minimizes cost of production.
- It has no incidence of cracking of fruits which is observed in other varieties viz. Ganesh, G-137 and Mridula which ranges from 10-15%.
- There is no fruit drop observed in case of severe water shortage situations.
- It is comparatively late for harvesting but due to less expenses on plant protection measures and better market prices realized, it is more remunerative than any other pomegranate cultivar.
Pomegranate - Super Bhagawa:
- Fruit Size……………200 Gm to 400
- Spacing………………10 ft x 8 ft (3m x 2.4 m)
- Planting Time……. July-Aug & Feb March
- Plants per Acre…..555 Plants
- Yield Start………....From 18th month
- Yield per Plant……20 To 25 Kg (2nd Year)
* Note - Due to the variety of regional climates and other natural resources, the effectiveness of these recommendations may vary.