The papaya (Carica papaya L) is native of Tropical America was introduced to India in the 18th century. It is now grown in almost all tropical and subtropical countries in the world.' In India, it is largely grown in Bihar, Assam, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh.
Papaya is a fast growing plant with a short life. Generally, papaya takes 5-6 months to flower and another 5 months for harvesting. The economic life of the Papaya plant is 3 to 4 years. The demand for the fruit is increasing because the farmers and consumers realize the importance and benefits of the fruit.
Papaya is a wholesome fruit and is rich in vit-A, Products such as jam, jelly and nectar can be prepared from the fruits. Papaya yield a valuable proteolytic enzyme, papain, which has several and varied use in medicine and industry.
* Note - Due to the variety of regional climates and other natural resources, the effectiveness of these recommendations may vary.