Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa) is a very popular fruit that was first grown in the northern regions of China over 300 years ago. Kiwi fruit also known as “Chinese gooseberry” is one of the deciduous vine fruit crops which is widely grown all around the world. Kiwi which was given to it after New Zealand's national bird because of its similar, brown, furry exterior and oval shape.
Kiwi fruit is consumed as fresh and in salads; these fruits are also used in the preparation of squashes and flavored wines. These fruits are an excellent source of Vitamin B and C and other minerals such as potassium, Phosphorus, and calcium.
Kiwis are the temperate climate fruit. The ideal temp for growing kiwis is below 38 °C (more than 38 °C may cause sunburn in this crop). Kiwi fruit vines are fairly hardy and grow in well - drained, fertile soils, required shelter from the wind, adequate moisture year round, protection from autumn and spring frosts.
In India, Kiwi is mostly grown in the mild hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, J & K, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and Kerala.
Kiwi fruit has great market potential. The planting process is somewhat similar to grapes. In order to start Kiwi cultivation in your backyard, transplantation of seedling is the easiest process. Though, the germination rate of seeds is about 70%. That’s why it is better to buy the 2-4 month or older seedling or baby kiwi plant from a Certified Nurseries.
* Note - Due to the variety of regional climates and other natural resources, the effectiveness of these recommendations may vary.