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Kiwi

Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa) is a very popular fruit that was first grown in the northern regions of China over 300 years ago. Kiwi fruit also known as “Chinese gooseberry” is one of the deciduous vine fruit crops which is widely grown all around the world. Kiwi which was given to it after New Zealand's national bird because of its similar, brown, furry exterior and oval shape.

Kiwi fruit is consumed as fresh and in salads; these fruits are also used in the preparation of squashes and flavored wines. These fruits are an excellent source of Vitamin B and C and other minerals such as potassium, Phosphorus, and calcium.

Kiwis are the temperate climate fruit. The ideal temp for growing kiwis is below 38 °C (more than 38 °C may cause sunburn in this crop). Kiwi fruit vines are fairly hardy and grow in well - drained, fertile soils, required shelter from the wind, adequate moisture year round, protection from autumn and spring frosts.

In India, Kiwi is mostly grown in the mild hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, J & K, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and Kerala.

Kiwi fruit has great market potential. The planting process is somewhat similar to grapes. In order to start Kiwi cultivation in your backyard, transplantation of seedling is the easiest process. Though, the germination rate of seeds is about 70%. That’s why it is better to buy the 2-4 month or older seedling or baby kiwi plant from a Certified Nurseries.



Characteristics of Ishved Kiwi Plants:

  • It is cultivated in India during the cold season in Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir,Uttarakhand , Bihar, Kerala and Maharashtra.
  • Kiwi produce good yields in fertile soils with good drainage.
  • Kiwi has a green chocolate-colored hairy sour-sweet fruit.
  • Kiwi also produces trunks and crowns like grapes.
  • Fruiting occurs within 170 - 205 days from flowering.
  • Kiwis begin to flower and bear fruit after 3 to 4 years.
  • On an average yield of 8 to 10 tonnes per acre come from a fully developed kiwi.
  • Most preferred in the international market.

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Hayward :

  • Fruit Size …...80 Gms To 90 Gms*
  • Spacing …… 16.4 ft x 16.4 ft (5 m x 5 m)
  • Planting Time….. In January month
  • Plants Per Acre………160 Plants
  • Yield Start…………...In 4th Year
  • Yield Per Plant ……50-100 kg /Vine


* Note - Due to the variety of regional climates and other natural resources, the effectiveness of these recommendations may vary.