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Jamun is indigenous to India. It is a very common, large, evergreen beautiful tree of the Indian subcontinent. Jamun is a hardy fruit; it can be grown under adverse soil and climate conditions.

The other common names of jamun are java plum, black plum, jambul and Indian blackberry. Jamun fruit has considerable nutritive value. It is a good source of iron apart from being the source of minerals, sugars and other phytochemicals. Its fruit are used for eating and seeds, bark are used to prepare various drugs. Drugs prepared from Jamun plant is used to cure diabetes and increased blood sugar level. Apart from eating as fresh, it can also be used for the preparation of delicious beverages, jelly, jam, squash, wine, vinegar and pickles.

A number of seedling strains with considerable variation available in respect of fruit shape, size, pulp colour, TSS, acidity and earliness particularly in Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra can offer good scope for selection of better varieties.

Vegetative propagation is essential in order to propagate true to type trees of improved and selected accessions types. The enormous variation found in different regions is due to sexual propagation and crosspollination. Vegetative propagation of jamun is important as it controls the vigour and balances the growth, yield and quality.

Characteristics of Ishved Jamun Plants:

  • Jamun fruits are dark purple in colour, oval-shaped, fleshy with sweetish sour in taste, having important medicinal properties.
  • The ripe Jamun fruits are consumed fresh and can also be processed into many value added products.
  • Its demand and price are high in the market.
  • These fruits are generally larger and attractive than the other varieties.
  • As the immune power is high, the incidence of pest is reduced.
  • This variety can withstand water stress.
  • Big size fruits and longer keeping quality, semi spreading, dome shape, dark green foliage, and regular bearer.
  • The shape of the fruit and the colour of the pulp are very attractive.
  • Most preferred in the international market.
  • The seedlings are the same age, so the fruiting occurs at the same time.
  • Harvesting begins from the 5th to 7th year after planting.
  • A fully ripe Jamun tree yields 125 to 150 kg fruits per year (after 8 - 10 years).


Kokan Bahadoli:

  • Fruit Size……………..14 gms to 16 gms*
  • Spacing……………16 ft x 13 ft (4.8 m x 3.9 m)
  • Planting Time…July to Aug & Feb to March
  • Plants Per Acre….210 Plants
  • Yield Start………….From 5th Year
  • Yield per Plant…70 to 150 Kg per tree per year.


White Jamun

  • Fruit Size……………..14 gms to 16 gms*
  • Spacing……………16 ft x 13 ft (4.8 m x 3.9 m)
  • Planting Time……July to Aug & Feb to March
  • Plants Per Acre….210 Plants
  • Yield Start………….Fruited after 1 year
  • Yield per Plant….. 50 to 70 Kg per tree per year.

* Note - Due to the variety of regional climates and other natural resources, the effectiveness of these recommendations may vary.