Jamun is indigenous to India. It is a very common, large, evergreen beautiful tree of the Indian subcontinent. Jamun is a hardy fruit; it can be grown under adverse soil and climate conditions.
The other common names of jamun are java plum, black plum, jambul and Indian blackberry. Jamun fruit has considerable nutritive value. It is a good source of iron apart from being the source of minerals, sugars and other phytochemicals. Its fruit are used for eating and seeds, bark are used to prepare various drugs. Drugs prepared from Jamun plant is used to cure diabetes and increased blood sugar level. Apart from eating as fresh, it can also be used for the preparation of delicious beverages, jelly, jam, squash, wine, vinegar and pickles.
A number of seedling strains with considerable variation available in respect of fruit shape, size, pulp colour, TSS, acidity and earliness particularly in Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra can offer good scope for selection of better varieties.
Vegetative propagation is essential in order to propagate true to type trees of improved and selected accessions types. The enormous variation found in different regions is due to sexual propagation and crosspollination. Vegetative propagation of jamun is important as it controls the vigour and balances the growth, yield and quality.
* Note - Due to the variety of regional climates and other natural resources, the effectiveness of these recommendations may vary.